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Dollar retreats ahead of inflation data; Yen soars on Ueda's comments - The U.S. dollar fell in early European trade Monday, retreating from a six-month high, while the Japanese yen surged as comments from Bank of Japan Governor Kazuo Ueda signaled a potential change in monetary policy.

At 03:20 ET (07:20 GMT), the Dollar Index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six other currencies, traded 0.5% lower to 104.212, falling from last week's six-month high of 105.15.

Yen soars after Ueda hints at policy change

Dragging the dollar index lower Monday has been sharp gains in the yen, with USD/JPY 1.2% lower at 146.06, as BOJ head Kazuo Ueda flagged a potential pivot away from negative interest rates.

This extremely easy monetary policy has contributed significantly to the yen falling to 10-month lows against the dollar given the growing interest rate differentials.

Ueda told a local newspaper that the BOJ could have enough data by the end of the year to determine whether rates should stay negative, adding that the bank’s 2% inflation target was just in sight, allowing policymakers to begin considering tightening policy.

ECB policy meeting looms large

Elsewhere, EUR/USD rose 0.2% to 1.0724, climbing from last week’s three-month low as traders prepare for Thursday’s policy-setting meeting from the European Central Bank.

There is a great deal of uncertainty over the ECB’s rate decision as price pressures remain elevated while data shows economic activity is now slowing sharply.

The central bank has raised rates at each of its past nine meetings and policymakers are now debating whether to raise the deposit rate again, to 4%, or pause.

GBP/USD rose 0.4% to 1.2518, also rebounding from a three-month low hit last week, with traders keenly awaiting Tuesday’s release of July compensation data, which could see a reduction of wage inflationary pressures.

Traders eagerly await U.S. inflation data

Despite Monday’s losses, the dollar still remains near its highest levels in six months, helped by a recent run of resilient economic data which lifted expectations that further rate hikes from the Federal Reserve may be on the horizon.

U.S. consumer inflation data, due on Wednesday, as well as producer prices on Thursday, will be carefully studied for more cues on monetary policy and the path of interest rates.

The Federal Reserve is widely expected to keep interest rates on hold at its meeting next week, but data showing inflation remains sticky could point to another hike later in the year.

“With activity data staying strong, it seems the market may be more minded to buy into the idea of another 'skip' - i.e. the Fed not hiking in September but hiking again later in the year. Clearly, this pushes the idea of a Fed easing cycle later and keeps the dollar stronger for longer,” said analysts at ING, in a note.

Chinese yuan bounces off 16-year low

USD/CNY fell 0.7% to 7.2920, with the yuan bouncing from Friday's 16-year low after China's central bank signaled increasing discomfort with the currency's recent weakness with a strong daily midpoint guidance rate.

Positive inflation data from China over the weekend also helped as it showed some improvement in Asia’s largest economy.

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